The Ontario Court of Appeal re-affirms the principle that employment contracts are to be interpreted objectively.

Posted on: June 23, 2022

The Ontario Court of Appeal’s decision Rahman v. Cannon Design Architecture Inc., 2022 ONCA 451 (“Rahman”) re-affirms the general rule that a contract, including an employment contract, must be interpreted objectively without considering the parties’ subjective understanding of its terms. Rahman involved an employee’s wrongful dismissal claim against her former employer. The employee was terminated […]

The law presumes bargains not gifts

Posted on: March 15, 2022

When a person receives money or property without giving something in return, the law presumes he or she has an obligation to return it to the person from whom he or she received it. This presumption, known as the presumption of “resulting trust”, may be rebutted by showing that the money or property was intended […]

Ontario judge instructs lawyers on the proper use of Caselines

Posted on: January 13, 2022

Spurred by the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic in March 2020, Ontario courts have rapidly introduced new technologies to enable court hearings to proceed virtually. One important development is the introduction of the evidence-management software Caselines. Caselines allows parties to share with judges and associate judges documentary evidence and submissions on motions, trials and other […]


Posted on: February 26, 2020

In Emeny v. Tomaszewski, 2019 ONSC 3298, Justice Sossin considered what level of damages were warranted where an individual was subjected to serious defamation on social media. In previous decisions, the Courts have awarded a high-level of damages where defamatory comments related to the reputations of white-collar professionals such as lawyers, accountants, and doctors. In Emeny, our […]

Firm wins big at Court of Appeal regarding Unclear Employment Agreements

Posted on: October 22, 2019

What happens when employers terminate employees and try to rely on unclear written employment contracts? That was the question in Andros v Colliers where our employee client was terminated on the basis of a written employment contract with a questionable termination clause that attempted to severely limit his severance package. The firm won at the […]

Real Estate Litigation and Latent Defects: Exceptions to Caveat Emptor

Posted on: October 7, 2019

The legal maxim of caveat emptor, roughly translated as “buyer beware”, is a well-entrenched principle of Ontario real property law. According to this general principle, a buyer of land assumes the cost of any defects in the land she buys and cannot sue the seller for damages relating to most defects in land. Although Caveat […]

Norwich Orders and Defamation on the Internet

Posted on: April 29, 2019

Online defamation is an unfortunate reality for many businesses and individuals. Negative online reviews can deter customers away from a business; undermine employee morale; and divert resources to respond to defamatory commentary. Similarly, for individuals, online defamation has the potential to cause hurt feelings, embarrassment and lasting damage to one’s professional reputation. A person defamed […]

Judge Takes Rare Step Of Letting Cameras Inside Courtroom

Posted on: January 18, 2019

Court delays made headlines again recently, after Justice Peter Daley addressed the “facilities crisis” facing the Ontario Superior Court in Brampton, where it can take up to eight months to hear a civil or family matter and even longer for a criminal matter. Justice Daley focused his remarks on the provincial government, which he said […]

Uncertainty Lies Ahead in Testing for Cannabis Impairment at Work

Posted on: December 10, 2018

As the new recreational cannabis laws have rolled out over the past month, there’s been a lot of discussion over how difficult it is to determine whether someone is impaired by the drug. This is because it is not clear how much marijuana in one’s system results in impairment, or how long that impairment lasts, […]